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信用證 (L/C)

2011-2-15 15:51:34    

 

     信用證(Letter of Credit, 簡稱L/C)方式是銀行信用介入國際貨物買賣價款結算的產物.它的出現不僅在一定程度上解決了買賣雙方之間互不信任的矛盾,而且還能使雙方在使用信用證結算貨款的過程中獲得銀行資金融通的便利,從而促進了國際貿易的發展.因此,被廣泛應用于國際貿易之中,以致成為當今國際貿易中的一種主要結算方式.

     信用證是銀行作出的有條件的付款承諾,即銀行根據開證申請人的請求和指示,向受益人開具的有一定金額,并在一定期限內憑規定的單據承諾付款的書面文件.

Basic Expressions(基本例句)

本公司很樂意通知貴方,本公司已開立一份信用證,有效期至9月30日,以貴方為受益人,金額10,000美元.
We are pleased to inform you that we have opened an L/C for a sum of US$10,000 valid until September 30 in your favor.

本公司很高興通知貴方,本公司已開立了一張不可撤消的保兌信用證.
We are pleased to inform you that we have opened an irrevocable and confirmed letter of credit.

本公司相信本公司所開的信用證,最遲將在本星期末之前,經由通知銀行到達貴處.
We think the credit opened by us will be with you through the informing bank at the latest by the end of this week.

本公司要求貴方最遲要在6月20號前裝運,因為信用證的有效期限到6月30日為止.
We request you make shipment at the latest by June 20 as the term of credit is up to June 30.

本公司認為貴方若仔細查讀信用證,將可發現信用證的細節.
We think the details of L/C will be found on your close checking of the L/C.

請讓本公司了解信用證的狀況,以便本公司安排裝運.
Please let us know the situation of L/C so that we can arrange for shipment.

由于信用證上無指定押匯銀行,因此貴方可自由選擇押匯銀行.
As this L/C is an open L/C, the negotiating bank is at your option.

由于信用證余額是50,000美元,因此請將裝運費用限制在此范圍內.
As the balance of L/C is US$50,000, please make shipment within the amount.

由于貴方的信用證是經由我方的銀行所讓購,因此請開立一份無指定押匯銀行的一般信用證.
As your L/C was negotiated throgh one of our bankers, please open a general L/C.

Words and Expressions (詞匯和短語)

Irrevocable and confirmed L/C 不可撤消的保兌信用證
Documentary L/C 跟單信用證
Advising bank; informing bank 通知銀行
Term of credit; validity of L/C 信用證的有效期限
Expiration of L/C; expiry date of L/C 信用證到期日
Details of L/C; particulars of L/C 信用證的細目
Position of L/C; situation of L/C 信用證的狀況
Negotiating bank 押匯銀行
Balance of L/C 信用證余額
Amount of L/C 信用證的金額
Exten of L/C 信用證的延期
Application of L/C 申請開立信用證
Cancellation of L/C 取消信用證
Grant an extension of L/C 允許信用證延期
Open an L/C by fax; fax an L/C 以傳真開立信用證
An L/C is valid; an L/C is good; an L/C remains in force 有效的信用證
An L/C expires 信用證期滿
Confirming bank 保兌銀行
Notify an L/C 開立信用證
Advice of L/C 信用證的通知
Amendment of L/C 信用證的修正
Receive an L/C; secure an L/C; get an L/C; obtain an L/C 收到信用證
Open an L/C for the sum of ~; establish an L/C of ~ 開立一張金額為~的信用證

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